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BOOK REVIEWS 349
Metallic Implements of the New York Indians. By William M. Beau-
champ. (Bulletin of the New York State Museum, No. 55.) Albany:
1902. 8°, 92 pp., illustrated.
The author has made this Bulletin a valuable and welcome addition
to the archeological literature of the State of New York, both preceding
and during the colonial period, and what relates to New York applies
incidentally, with almost equal force, to the whole eastern coast of North
America as far southward as Florida and as far inland as early French and
English influences extended.
By references to early authorities Mr Beauchamp shows that, at the
first coming of the whites, the native Americans were possessed of nu-
merous objects made of copper. A trade in this metal was early carried on
by the whites with the natives in exchange for needed commodities, and
the natives, in turn, disposed of the metal to others not in immediate con-
tact with the Europeans. Quite a number of authors, during both the
colonial and a later period, are quoted, the citation of their works form-
ing an interesting bibliography of the subject.
Mr Beauchamp suggests that those objects of native copper which he
illustrates are prehistoric, and were produced from the pure metal by a proc-
ess of hammering. While such may be the case with the celts, the illus-
trations of arrow- and spear-heads of iron and brass with sockets similar
to those found made of native copper, leave room to doubt whether the
flange shapes to native copper objects are not of civilized concept. The
tomahawks illustrated are interesting reminders of the feet that the Euro-
peans supplied their red allies with a more effective instrument than the
latter had earlier possessed, for in a single steel, iron, or copper hatchet
and pipe, the war hatchet or club and stone pipe were combined into an
The numerous illustrations of the iron axes of the early colonial period,
used by the whites in their Indian trade, are highly interesting. It is,
however, to be regretted that a publication otherwise so excellent should
be so badly illustrated ; for though satisfactory in outline, the figures are
flat and black, the general effect of which is to impress one with the fact
that photographs would be far preferable to what is given, and doubt-
less would not have been more costly.
Mr Beauchamp has prepared a paper on ornaments for future publica-
tion. It is hoped that another method of illustration may be adopted,
for, no matter what the process may be, any change from the present
method of illustration would be an improvement.
Joseph D. McGuire.